Ganesha Chaturthi (गणेश चतुर्थी) or Ganesh Utsav (गणेश उत्सव) i.e., festival of Lord Ganesha is celebrated by Hindus around the world as the birthday of Lord Ganesha.
Ganesh Chaturthi is basically Vinayaka Chaturthi that falls in the Hindu calendar month of Bhaadrapada i.e., it falls on the fourth day of Shukla Paksha (bright lunar phase).
Ganesh Utsav is a ten day festival which starts on Ganesha Chaturthi on Shukla Paksha Chaturthi (fourth day of the waxing moon period) of Bhaadrapada month and ends on Anant Chaturdashi i.e; on Shukla Paksha Chaturdashi (fourteenth day of the waxing moon period) of the same month of Hindu calendar.
According to Hindu’s Lord Ganesha is the god of wisdom, prosperity and good fortune.
It is said that on this day Lord Shiva gave an elephant head to his son Ganesha and Lord Ganesha declared as superior to all the gods and other gods blessed him with many boons.
Ganesh Chaturthi Celebrations :
Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated all over India, but the celebrations are grand in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Goa.
During Ganesh Chaturthi, idols of Lord Ganesha are in installed in street corners (pandals) and in homes and elaborated decorations are done with lighting, flowers, mirrors etc. Pooja – Aarti’s (prayer services) are performed daily.
These statues are then carried on decorated floats to be immersed in the sea after one, three, five, seven and ten days. This process is known as Ganpati Visarjan. Thousands of processions converge on the beaches to immerse the holy idols in the sea. This procession and immersion is accompanied by drum beats, devotional songs and dancing and people chanting “Ganpati Bappa Morya”.
Ananta Chaturdashi (Ganesh Visarjan) :
While immersing the idol, people say “Ganpati bappa morya, pudcha varshi laukar ya” which means hey Lord Ganesha, please return next year soon.
Also Read : Ganesh Chaturthi 2018 Date